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Matt Ward

August 2012 - Posts

  • NUnit 2.6.1 Support

    SharpDevelop 4.3 has been updated to use NUnit 2.6.1 which was recently released. The full details on what has changed in NUnit 2.6.1 can be found in the NUnit release notes. One change in this release caused some of SharpDevelop's own unit tests to break so this change is highlighted in the following section.

    Running unit tests with an STA thread

    NUnit 2.6 no longer reads settings from your test configuration file (app.config). This means that you can no longer make NUnit use the STA thread by setting the default apartment state in your app.config file. So the following app.config file will not work:

          <sectionGroup name="NUnit">
            <section name="TestRunner"  type="System.Configuration.NameValueSectionHandler" />
               <!-- The ApartmentState value here is ignored. -->
               <add key="ApartmentState" value="STA" />

    Instead you should use the RequiresSTA attribute.

    The RequiresSTA attribute can be used at the assembly, class or method level. To make NUnit to run all your unit tests with an STA thread you can add the following code to your AssemblyInfo.cs file in the project containing your unit tests.

    using NUnit.Framework;
    [assembly: RequiresSTA]
    Posted Aug 12 2012, 03:05 PM by MattWard with no comments
    Filed under:
  • Code Coverage with OpenCover

    SharpDevelop 4.3 now has integrated support for OpenCover thanks to Lex Li.

    OpenCover is an open source code coverage tool created by Shaun Wilde. It can be used to measure how much of your code is covered by your unit tests. OpenCover was created to fix the following problems in PartCover, another open source code coverage tool.

    • 64 bit support
    • Memory usage
    • Returning no coverage results

    For a more detailed look into why OpenCover was created you should read Shaun Wilde's OpenCover First Beta Release post.

    Back in 2006 SharpDevelop added support for NCover, then it switched to using PartCover a year later when NCover was turned into a commercial product. Now it supports and ships with OpenCover so let us take a tour of using OpenCover with SharpDevelop.

    OpenCover Feature Tour

    First you should install SharpDevelop 4.3. Version or above will have OpenCover support. Then you will need to use a project with unit tests or alternatively you can download a zip file which contains the set of projects created whilst writing this feature tour. Open your solution with SharpDevelop 4.3 and let us get started.

    Running Unit Tests with Code Coverage

    To run the unit tests with code coverage open the Unit Tests window by selecting Tools - Unit Tests from the View menu. Right click the project or tests that you want to check for code coverage and select Run with code coverage.

    Unit tests window Run with code coverage menu option

    At the top of the Unit Tests window there is the run with code coverage toolbar button which can be also used to run code coverage for all the tests.

    Another way to run the unit tests with code coverage is to right click in the text editor and select the Run with code coverage menu option.

    Text editor Run with code coverage menu option

    The unit tests will then be run and OpenCover will profile your code. The output from OpenCover will be displayed in the Output window. Once OpenCover is finished the code coverage results will be displayed in the Code Coverage window.

    Code Coverage Results

    Code coverage results window

    The code coverage window will show you the percentage of code covered for each class, method and property. On the right hand side you can see the visit count information or if you select the Show Source Code option you can see the corresponding source code with covered code highlighted in green and uncovered code highlighted in red.

    Code coverage results window show source code option

    Code coverage results window with source code

    The Code Coverage window also allows you to enable or disable code coverage highlighting in the text editor. The top left button in the Code Coverage window is used to enable or disable code coverage highlighting in the text editor.

    Code coverage window - toggle code coverage highlighting

    In the screenshot below the text editor has covered code in highlighted in green and uncovered code in highlighted in red.

    Code coverage highlighting in text editor

    Filtering Code Coverage Results

    By default OpenCover will show you code coverage for all your code including your tests. Typically you are not interested in code coverage for your unit tests. To exclude classes you can use a filter. The filters you can use are described on the OpenCover wiki. To specify a filter in your unit tests project select Project Options from the Project menu. Then open the Code Coverage tab. Here you can specify an include or exclude filter. In the screenshot below all types in the OpenCoverageFeatureTour.Tests assembly will be excluded.

    Filtering code coverage results

    64 bit or 32 bit

    On Windows x64 if your test project is set to target a 32 bit processor then the 32 bit version of NUnit will be used to run your unit tests. If it is set to Any CPU or a 64 bit processor then NUnit will run as a 64 bit process as OpenCover profiles your code.

    Code Coverage Options

    The colours used to highlight code coverage in the text editor and Code Coverage window can be configured in the Options dialog. From the Tools menu select Options. Then expand the Tools category and select Code Coverage.

    Code coverage tools options dialog

    That ends the tour of using OpenCover with SharpDevelop.

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